The “Arab Spring”

Daily Plan Organized around Focus Questions

Day 1: Introduction – What is going on in this region?  Why should we care?

  • DISCUSSION:  introduction to topics with PowerPoint Presentation of political cartoons 

Establishment the Modern Middle East

Day 2:  How did imperialist designs of Western powers impact the “construction” of the modern Middle East?

  • PowerPoint Lecture: Mandates & Mapping – From Sykes-Picot to 1947 with Blank Map to fill in as pretest 
    ♦ The Middle East in Transition: Questions for U.S. Policy: Part I pages 11-14, 18-20

Day 3: How did Britain’s attempt to resolve competing aims of Zionist refugees and Palestinians lay the groundwork for continuing conflict?  How do we adjudicate competing claims in what was Palestine?

  • Mini-lesson: The McMahon Agreement & The Balfour Declaration
  • PowerPoint Lecture: UN Resolution 242 through 1948 War
  • CHOICES lesson on creating a divided Palestine

Day 4: How did competing geopolitical forces and economic interests complicate the establishment of the modern Middle East?

  • DISCUSSION: How did the region of the Middle East figure into the Cold War competition between the US & the USSR?
    ♦ The Middle East in Transition: Questions for U.S. Policy: Part I pages 21-6
    What role did the developing oil industry play in the shaping of the modern Middle East

    ♦ The Middle East in Transition: Questions for U.S. Policy: Part I pages 15-17
    How were newly created modern Middle Eastern nations constructed politically, economically, socially?  What role did the West play in the process of creating the modern nations of Iran, Iraq, & Lebanon?                                                                    

    ♦ The Middle East in Transition: Questions for U.S. Policy: Part I pages 28-37
  • Quiz: The Middle East in Transition: Questions for US Policy Part I 

Day 5: How did Obama’s speech in Cairo to set up a new approach – different from the prior administration G.W. Bush?

Palestinian/Israeli Conflict

Day 6: How did this conflict become so entrenched?

  • DISCUSSION: “What do you see exercise?” to establish context for violence.
  • Set up Symposium on Peace Initiatives.
  • Start initial discussion of Martyrs’ Crossing – How does Amy Wilentz portray the Israeli/Palestinian Conflict?
    Wilentz discusses the relationship between fact and fiction
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-yzrVEsbfKU
    Focus: What is the protagonist’s quest?  How does it manifest elements of the theme(s) of the novel?  [Reading notes should include attention to this topic for an in class essay.]

Day 7: How has Israel “occupied” territory; how has that affected the region?

Day 8: How did Palestinian leadership evolve, from the PLO to the PA?

  • DISCUSSION: Split between Fatah and Hamas with PowerPoint lecture

Day 9: What have attempts at peace negotiations looked like?  Why haven’t they worked?

  • Symposium on Failed Peace Initiatives: What were the conditions which brought them about?  Who controlled the agenda?  How?  What issues were resolved?  What were the outcomes?  Why did the initiative succeed or fail? [Camp David 1978, Reagan Plan, Madrid, Oslo, Wye River, Camp David 2000, Road Map]
  • Introduce materials for Two-State Solution Debate               

Day 10: Reading Response Test #1: Martyrs’ Crossing

Day 11: How has the conflict become increasingly intransigent over the past 60 years?

  • DISCUSSION: 1st half of Martyrs’ Crossing
    Focus on points of view & prospects for mutual understanding.

    Review essay assignment, an analysis of Ari Doron’s quest, following up on previous quest essay.

Day 12: Is the two state solution dead?

Days 13 & 14: How has the Security Wall/Fence affected the current relationship between Israelis & Palestinians?

Day 15: Reading Response Test #2: Martyrs’ Crossing 

Day 16: How has the conflict solidified over the past 60 years?           

  • DISCUSSION: 2nd half of Martyrs’ Crossing
    Focus on dynamic and static characters.

    Review concept of martyrdom  in preparation for in class prompt
    Review quest elements for Essay: Ari Doron’s Quest.

Day 17: IN CLASS response to the title: who is/are the martyr(s)?

Day 18: How has the Security Wall/Fence affected the current relationship between Israelis & Palestinians?

Day 19: How has the Security Wall/Fence affected the current relationship between Israelis & Palestinians?

 Day 20: Test on the Viability of Peace and the Two-State Solution

Mideast Nations in Transition

Day 21: What is the Arab Spring?  Why did the demonstration made by a Tunisian produce vendor spark a region wide “revolution?” 

  • Overview of the Region: Commonalities & Differences
    PowerPoint lecture highlighting Lynch’s The Arab Uprising: The Unfinished Revolutions of the New Middle East 
    ♦ “The Arab Spring At One,” Foreign Affairs

    “Revolutions Spinning in the Wind,” Economist – Read on line and listen to audio interview and Reading Guide
    http://www.economist.com/node/18958237
  • What are the origins of the Arab Uprisings
    ♦ “Demystifying The Arab Spring,” Foreign Affairs with Reading Guide 
    NOTE: An alternative to the PowerPoint Presentation Project is the paper assignment on the “Arab Spring” developed by Pulitzer Center on Crisis Reporting [http://pulitzercenter.org/].  Here is the lesson plan for writing about the Arab Spring [http://pulitzercenter.org/sites/default/files/Arab%20Spring%20Writing%20Exercises.pdf].

Day 22: Egypt as a Case Study – How does Egypt provide a model for both hope & frustration?

Day 23: How has the political climate changed since the election of Morsi?

Day 24: Why are the movements in these countries “revolutionary?”

  • Work on Researched PowerPoint Presentations on Arab Spring in Tunisia, Jordan, Libya, Yemen, Bahrain, & Saudi Arabia 
    ♦ 
    “The Roots and Causes Of The 2011 Arab Uprisings,” Arab Studies Quarterly
    Arab Reform Initiative                                                           

    http://www.arab-reform.net/
    Current History December issues 2011 & 2012

    http://www.currenthistory.com/article-category.php?ID=5
    The Arab Spring: One Year On

    http://www.choices.edu/resources/twtn/twtn_arab_spring.php
     “Middle East Realignment,” Great Decisions 2012
  • Another look at political Islam
    ♦ “Islamism Or Secularism: Should That Be The Question?,” Middle East 

    with précis and Précis evaluation 
    ♦ 
    “The Mirage Of The Arab Spring,” Foreign Affairs

Day 25: How does the stifling repression in Libya help underscore the violence of the protest and its repression?  Are there parallels for the situation in Syria?

  • OPENING DISCUSSION: In the Country of Men, Hisham Matar
    Introduce novel, close reading, & journal assignment
    Close Reading exercises & Discussion Questions 
    Audio Interview: https://archive.org/details/HishamMatarIntheCountryofMen
     “Seeing What We Want to See in Qaddafi,” The New York Times

Days 26 & 27: Why are the movements in these countries “revolutionary?”

  • Work on Researched PowerPoint Presentations on Arab Spring in Tunisia, Jordan, Libya, Yemen, Bahrain, & Saudi Arabia [see Day 24 for resources]

Day 28: How does the situation portrayed in Matar’s novel relate to the Arab Uprisings?

  • DISCUSSION: In the Country of Men, Hisham Matar

Days 29 & 30: PRESENTATIONS on “Arab Spring” as manifested in Tunisia, Jordan, Libya, Yemen, Bahrain, & Saudi Arabia

Day 31: How will the Arab Spring play out?

Day 32:  Arab Spring Test                                           

Syria

Day 33: How will the conflict in Syria be resolved?

Day 34: How will the conflict in Syria be resolved?

Day 35: How difficult was the tyranny under Qaddafi?  Why did the uprising take such a violent turn?  How can In the Country of Men provide insight into the human struggle against repression?

 Day 36: Reading Response Test for In the Country of Men

Day 37: How should the global community respond? How will the conflict in Syria be resolved?

  • DISCUSSIONhttp://www.cfr.org/syria/syrias-crisis-global-response/p28402
    ♦ “Why we need to intervene in Syria,” USA Today

    ♦ “Bosnia lends clue to Syria strategy,” USA Today
    ♦ “Reckless Ardor,” Commonweal
    ♦ “America is Becoming Heartless in the Face of Evil,” New Republic
    ♦ “Las Vegas Rules Don’t Apply In Syria,” New Statesman
  • International clamor to intervene against Assad and subsequent possible negotiation on the chemical weapons
    ♦ “Hit him hard,” Economist
    Students find update articles on negotiations and refugee crisis

Iran

Day 38: Can trust be rebuilt with Iran that will lead to successful negotiations regarding their nuclear program?

Day 39: Can trust be rebuilt with Iran that will lead to successful negotiations regarding their nuclear program? [Continued]

Day 40: Can trust be rebuilt with Iran that will lead to successful negotiations regarding their nuclear program? [Continued]

Day 41: Now what?  How should US foreign policy approach the changing dynamic in the Middle East?

  • Options DISCUSSION for US Policy  [modified so that it encompasses the options for Syria, Iran as well as writing options for Israel/Palestinian conflict]
    ♦ The Middle East in Transition: Questions for U.S. Policy: Part III pages 66-79

Day 42: How does Iran affect other nations in the region?

Day 43: How does Iran affect other nations in the region? [Continued]

Days 44 & 45: What are the prospects for the region going forward?
OPTION 5 Essay