New World [dis]Order

Daily Plan Organized around Focus Questions

Day 1: Introduction – How familiar are you with the world since the end of the Cold War?

Day 2: How does the global paradigm shift at the end of the Cold War?         

Day 3: Did America win the Cold War?  What are the prospects for hope in the “New World Order” imagined by President Bush?

Day 4: What are human rights and the violations of those rights? 

  • UN Declaration of Human Rights
  • UN documents on civil & political rights/economic, social, & cultural rights

Day 5: Why did the issue of Human Rights take prominence in this “New World Order”? 

  • Role of Human Rights in US Foreign Policy
    ♦ “The Precarious Triumph of Human Rights,” The New York Times Magazine with Reading Guide

Day 6: How has the Global community sought to protect human rights? 

  • Role of Human Rights in US Foreign Policy
    “The Attack on Human Rights, Foreign Affairs with Reading Guide
  • Triumph of Human Rights in The Republic of South Africa Cry Freedom beginning clip

Day 7: How did the “New World Order” manifest itself in the Republic of South Africa?

Day 8: How did the “New World Order” manifest itself in the Republic of South Africa?

Day 9: How did the US take the lead in securing the “New World Order?”

 Day 10: How did Operation “Restore Hope” in Somalia turns into a debacle?

  • Mission Shift
    ♦ “Debacle in Somalia,” Foreign Affairs
    ♦ “Retreat from Somalia,” Christian Science Monitor

Day 11: How have global politics since the Cold War allowed for human rights abuses? 

  • Conflict and starvation in Sudan virtually ignored
    Refugees, War, and Famine in Sudan,”  Issue: A Journal of Opinion
    ♦ “For the Sudan, Famine Is Almost As Certain As Civil War,”
    The New York Times
    Emmanuel Jal: The music of a war child

    For five years, young Emmanuel Jal fought as a child soldier in the Sudan. Rescued by an aid worker, he’s become an international hip-hop star and an activist for kids in war zones. In words and lyrics, he tells the story of his amazing life.
    http://www.ted.com/talks/emmanuel_jal_the_music_of_a_war_child.html??utm_medium=social&source=email&utm_source=email&utm_campaign=ios-share
  • Set up the unit – Why was this hope ephemeral?  Why is the “New World Order” after the fall of the Berlin Wall more like Disorder?  How do the themes of nationalism, genocide, and violence interact to provide a more realistic view of the global situation from 1989 – 2001?

    Resurgent nationalism – CASE STUDY: Yugoslavia
    Genocide – CASE STUDY: Rwanda
    Violence – CASE STUDY: Sierra Leone

The Former Yugoslavia: Why did this country fracture into hyper-national ethnic conflict? 

Day 12: What are the roots of this conflict?  What is the ethnic & religious make-up of this WWI creation?

  • Start investigation of the fracturing of the former Yugoslavia
    Introductory Lecture on historic background
  • Introduce Love Thy Neighbor: A Story of War, Peter Maas with Reading Guide
    Peter Maass podcast for Stanford Graduate Program in Journalism: Journalists on Journalism
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TotarxaODtc

Day 13: What are the roots of this conflict?  What is the ethnic & religious make-up of this WWI creation?

  • Start Group Lecture/Discussion on history 1991 starting with dispute in Kosovo, through Milosevic’s rise to power, Slovenia’s & Croatia’s independence, Serbia’s alliance with Montenegro and increasing aggression, Sarajevo under attack, escalation of the conflict & “ethnic cleansing,” UN “Safe Areas,” Srebrenica, US/NATO involvement, attempts at peace negotiations, NATO bombing, Dayton Accords.
  • Beginning segment of The Death of Yugoslavia is a BBC documentary series first broadcast in 1995, and is also the name of a book written by Allan Little and Laura Silber that accompanies the series. http://topdocumentaryfilms.com/death-of-yugoslavia/ Also on YouTube in segments https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=the+death+of+yugoslavia+part+1

Day 14: How is Sarajevo a metaphor for the larger conflict? 

  • Discuss Love Thy Neighbor: A Story of War chpts. 1&2
  • RQ “From the Heart of the Heart . . .” & Discussion of Sarajevo
    ♦ “From the Heart of the Heart of the Former Yugoslavia,” Wilson Quarterly
  • Segment of The Death of Yugoslavia that chronicles the independence of Croatia
    http://topdocumentaryfilms.com/death-of-yugoslavia/

Day 15: What happened to Srebrenica and other “safe havens”?

  • Continue Group Lecture/Discussion on history of the Bosnia Conflict
    ♦ “A Chronicle of Deaths Foretold,” Economist
  • Primary & Secondary Source Assignment
    ♦ 
    “The Fall of Srebrenica,” New Republic
    ♦ “Tears And Terror,” Time

1998: THE BETRAYAL OF SREBRENICA: WHY DID THE MASSACRE HAPPEN? WILL IT HAPPEN AGAIN 
http://commdocs.house.gov/committees/intlrel/hfa49268.000/hfa49268_0f.htm
Srebrenica: A Cry from the Grave (BBC) has won numerous prizes. It has been shown at the UN, and it was used during a war crimes trial at The Hague.
http://topdocumentaryfilms.com/srebrenica-cry-from-the-grave/
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Fliw801iX84

Day 16: Why did this country fracture into hyper-national ethnic conflict? 

  • RQ: Love Thy Neighbor through page 116 
  • Review Primary & Secondary Source Assignment
  • Introduce Susan Sontag & Waiting for Godot                    
    Susan Sontag and her activism and writing
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7GRx3KgKauY

Day 17: Why did Susan Sontag stage Waiting for Godot in the midst of the war?

  • Read & Discuss Waiting for Godot Act I

Day 18: Why did this country fracture into hyper-national ethnic conflict? 

  • Discuss Love Thy Neighbor chpts. 3 & 4        
  • Mini-lecture/Discussion of Existentialism
    Existentialism Assignment & Note Sheet
  • Introduce Waiting for Godot essay

Day 19: Why did Susan Sontag stage Waiting for Godot in the midst of the war?

  • Read & Discuss Waiting for Godot Act II        

    from Sontag’s production of the play

Day 20: How did Europeans and American react?

  • Discuss Love Thy Neighbor chpts. 5 & 6
  • Waiting for Godot in Sarajevo
    ♦ “To Sarajevo, Writer Brings Good Will and ‘Godot,'” The New York Times 
      “Waiting for Godot in Sarajevo,” Performing Arts Journal [excerpts]

Day 21: Why do the existential dimensions of Waiting for Godot resonate in this conflict?

  • Discuss Love Thy Neighbor chpts. 7 & end
  • Interpretation of the themes of the play through modern art

Day 22: How effective were the Dayton Accords? 

Day 23: What happened in Kosovo?  What was the international reaction this time?

 Day 24: How was Milosevic brought to justice?

Day 25: Is there any significant difference between the “ethnic cleansing” of Bosnia and the genocide of Rwanda?

Genocide in Rwanda: How do those who have lived side by side for years commit genocide?

Day 26: How is genocide defined? 

Day 27: What are the roots of this conflict?

Day 28-30: Why was the international community paralyzed? 

Day 31: What happened when Tutsi forces reentered Rwanda?  How did the refugee crisis exacerbate the horror of this conflict?

Day 32: How does a society come back from genocidal hatred?  What does reconciliation and reconstruction look like?

Day 33: How does a society come back from genocidal hatred?  What does reconciliation and reconstruction look like?

Violence in Sierra Leone: How do countries dissolve into such political and violent chaos that children become the instruments of war?

Day 34: What are the roots of this conflict? 

  • Read & Discuss evolution of the conflict
    ♦ “The Heart of Darkness,” Time
  • Research on chonology of events in Sierra Leone
    Information Literacy exercise tied to themes in novel
    ♦ 
    “Teenage Wasteland,” New Republic

Day 35: How extreme did the violence become?

  • Reading Quiz on 1st ½ of A Long Way Gone

Day 36: What are the roots of this conflict?

  • Political Instability: Discussion based on Information Literacy exercise
    ♦ 
    “Fighting For Peace,” UN Chronicle

Day 37: How did the US respond to the crisis in Sierra Leone & the involvement of Liberia?

  • Write précis in class
    ♦ 
    “Where Angels Fear To Tread,” New Republic w/Précis self evaluation

Day 38: How extreme did the violence become?

  • Reading Quiz on 2nd ½ of A Long Way Gone       

Day 39: How extreme did the violence become?

  • Discussion on 2nd ½ of A Long Way Gone

Day 40: Is Africa a microcosm of growing global instability?  How do we characterize the world in which we live in order to understand and appreciate its complexity?

  • Involvement of Liberia in regional instability
    ♦ “A Region in Flames,” The Economist w/Précis teacher evaluation
  • Two Ends of the Spectrum of World View: Kaplan & Friedman w/Response Questions
    ♦ 
    “The Coming Anarchy” (excerpts), Atlantic Monthly & the updated Kaplan piece 
    ♦ “Why So Much Anarchy?,” Stratfor Global Intelligence
    ♦ 
    “Don’t Just Do Something. Sit There,” The New York Times

Intervention: How and when is it appropriate to intervene in the affairs of sovereign nations?

Day 41: How should the global community respond to regional crises?  How should the legitimacy of intervention be determined?

Day 42: How should the global community respond to regional crises?  How should the legitimacy of intervention be determined? w/Discussion Guide

Day 43: How has the end of the Cold War affected US foreign policy?

  • Set up Role Play & Review positions

Day 44: How and when should the world community engage in interventionist campaigns?

  • CHOICES ROLE PLAY DISCUSSION using a modification of role play discussions in Human Rights, The Role of the UN, & US Policy in a Changing World

Day 45: How and when should the world community engage in interventionist campaigns?

  • Debrief Role Play Discussion
  • Conclude Intervention Discussion