Daily Plan Organized around Focus Questions
Day 1: Introduction – How familiar are you with the world since the end of the Cold War?
- Pretest of global geography
- Overview of 1990s w/visual & timeline
Day 2: How does the global paradigm shift at the end of the Cold War?
- PowerPoint Introduction to the concept of American Exceptionalism
- Resurgence of American Exceptionalism; perception that we had won the Cold War
♦ “In Defense Of American Exceptionalism,” American Spectator
♦ “The Myth Of American Exceptionalism,” Foreign Policy
- “Obama’s American Exceptionalism” & What Makes Us Exceptional
Day 3: Did America win the Cold War? What are the prospects for hope in the “New World Order” imagined by President Bush?
- American Exceptionalism: The Reality
♦ “America Really Was That Great (But That Doesn’t Mean We Are Now),” Foreign Policy
- Promise of “The New World Order”
♦ Bush’s “New World Order” Speech 9-11-1990
♦ “Human Assistance in the Post Cold War Era,” Frontline – PBS
Day 4: What are human rights and the violations of those rights?
- UN Declaration of Human Rights
UN documents on civil & political rights/economic, social, & cultural rights
Day 5: Why did the issue of Human Rights take prominence in this “New World Order”?
- Role of Human Rights in US Foreign Policy
♦ “The Precarious Triumph of Human Rights,” The New York Times Magazine with Reading Guide
Day 6: How has the Global community sought to protect human rights?
- Role of Human Rights in US Foreign Policy
♦ “The Attack on Human Rights, Foreign Affairs” with Reading Guide
- Triumph of Human Rights in The Republic of South Africa Cry Freedom beginning clip
Day 7: How did the “New World Order” manifest itself in the Republic of South Africa?
- End of apartheid in South Africa and peaceful transition to democratic rule
♦ “De Klerk’s Gorbachev Problem,” The New York Times – Archives
- The new government
Invictus clip of the first day of the new government
Invictus clip : This is the Time to Build Our Nation
Day 8: How did the “New World Order” manifest itself in the Republic of South Africa?
- End of apartheid in South Africa and peaceful transition to democratic rule
♦ “The Rebels Take Charge,” U.S. News & World Report
- The Power of Nelson Mandela
Morgan Freeman on Nelson Mandela
Boyd Varty: What I learned from Nelson Mandela
Frontline: The Long Walk of Nelson Mandela
- Review & discuss student research & information literacy for homework research on “Operation Provide Comfort”
Day 9: How did the US take the lead in securing the “New World Order?”
- “Operation Provide Comfort” for protection of Iraqi Kurds
- “Operation Lifeline Sudan”
- “Operation Restore Hope” in Somalia
♦ “Taking on the Thugs,” Time
Somalia – Battle of Mogadishu “Black Hawk Down”
Black Hawk Down – 16 different clips
Day 10: How did Operation “Restore Hope” in Somalia turns into a debacle?
- Mission Shift
♦ “Debacle in Somalia,” Foreign Affairs
♦ “Retreat from Somalia,” Christian Science Monitor
Day 11: How have global politics since the Cold War allowed for human rights abuses?
- Conflict and starvation in Sudan virtually ignored
♦ “Refugees, War, and Famine in Sudan,” Issue: A Journal of Opinion
♦ “For the Sudan, Famine Is Almost As Certain As Civil War,” The New York Times
Emmanuel Jal: The music of a war child
For five years, young Emmanuel Jal fought as a child soldier in the Sudan. Rescued by an aid worker, he’s become an international hip-hop star and an activist for kids in war zones. In words and lyrics, he tells the story of his amazing life.
- Set up the unit – Why was this hope ephemeral? Why is the “New World Order” after the fall of the Berlin Wall more like Disorder? How do the themes of nationalism, genocide, and violence interact to provide a more realistic view of the global situation from 1989 – 2001?
Resurgent nationalism – CASE STUDY: Yugoslavia
Genocide – CASE STUDY: Rwanda
Violence – CASE STUDY: Sierra Leone
The Former Yugoslavia: Why did this country fracture into hyper-national ethnic conflict?
Day 12: What are the roots of this conflict? What is the ethnic & religious make-up of this WWI creation?
- Start investigation of the fracturing of the former Yugoslavia
Introductory Lecture on historic background
- Introduce Love Thy Neighbor: A Story of War, Peter Maas with Reading Guide
Peter Maass podcast for Stanford Graduate Program in Journalism: Journalists on Journalism
Day 13: What are the roots of this conflict? What is the ethnic & religious make-up of this WWI creation?
- Start Group Lecture/Discussion on history 1991 starting with dispute in Kosovo, through Milosevic’s rise to power, Slovenia’s & Croatia’s independence, Serbia’s alliance with Montenegro and increasing aggression, Sarajevo under attack, escalation of the conflict & “ethnic cleansing,” UN “Safe Areas,” Srebrenica, US/NATO involvement, attempts at peace negotiations, NATO bombing, Dayton Accords.
- Beginning segment of The Death of Yugoslavia is a BBC documentary series first broadcast in 1995, and is also the name of a book written by Allan Little and Laura Silber that accompanies the series. http://topdocumentaryfilms.com/death-of-yugoslavia/ Also on YouTube in segments https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=the+death+of+yugoslavia+part+1
- Discuss Love Thy Neighbor: A Story of War chpts. 1&2
- RQ “From the Heart of the Heart . . .” & Discussion of Sarajevo
♦ “From the Heart of the Heart of the Former Yugoslavia,” Wilson Quarterly
- Segment of The Death of Yugoslavia that chronicles the independence of Croatia
Day 15: What happened to Srebrenica and other “safe havens”?
- Continue Group Lecture/Discussion on history of the Bosnia Conflict
♦ “A Chronicle of Deaths Foretold,” Economist
- Primary & Secondary Source Assignment
♦ “The Fall of Srebrenica,” New Republic
♦ “Tears And Terror,” Time
1998: THE BETRAYAL OF SREBRENICA: WHY DID THE MASSACRE HAPPEN? WILL IT HAPPEN AGAIN
Srebrenica: A Cry from the Grave (BBC) has won numerous prizes. It has been shown at the UN, and it was used during a war crimes trial at The Hague.
Day 16: Why did this country fracture into hyper-national ethnic conflict?
- RQ: Love Thy Neighbor through page 116
- Review Primary & Secondary Source Assignment
- Introduce Susan Sontag & Waiting for Godot
Susan Sontag and her activism and writing
Day 17: Why did Susan Sontag stage Waiting for Godot in the midst of the war?
- Read & Discuss Waiting for Godot Act I
Day 18: Why did this country fracture into hyper-national ethnic conflict?
- Discuss Love Thy Neighbor chpts. 3 & 4
- Mini-lecture/Discussion of Existentialism
Existentialism Assignment & Note Sheet
- Introduce Waiting for Godot essay
Day 19: Why did Susan Sontag stage Waiting for Godot in the midst of the war?
- Read & Discuss Waiting for Godot Act II
Day 20: How did Europeans and American react?
- Discuss Love Thy Neighbor chpts. 5 & 6
- Waiting for Godot in Sarajevo
♦ “To Sarajevo, Writer Brings Good Will and ‘Godot,'” The New York Times
♦ “Waiting for Godot in Sarajevo,” Performing Arts Journal [excerpts]
Day 21: Why do the existential dimensions of Waiting for Godot resonate in this conflict?
- Discuss Love Thy Neighbor chpts. 7 & end
- Interpretation of the themes of the play through modern art
- The road to peace PowerPoint Lecture
♦ “The Triage Of Dayton.” Foreign Affairs
2009 Video from Pulitzer Center – Bosnia’s Fragile Peace: Continuing Struggles for Bosnia and Herzegovenia
BBC Bosnia-Hercegovina profile from June 2013
Day 23: What happened in Kosovo? What was the international reaction this time?
- Now Kosovo
♦ “Kosovo’s Valley of Death,” Vanity Fair
2008 Debate: Samatha Power & Jeremy Scahill on Kosovo Intervention looking back
- International Criminal Court Indictment
♦ “The Defendant,” The New Yorker w/ reading guide
CNN – Milosevic’s war crimes trial a 4-year marathon
Slobodan Milosevic dies alone with history still demanding justice
Mladic refuses to testify for Karadzic at ICTY trial
Day 25: Is there any significant difference between the “ethnic cleansing” of Bosnia and the genocide of Rwanda?
- Prompt relating to “The Banality of Ethnic War”
♦ “The Banality of Ethnic War,” International Security
- When the World Turned Its Back: James Nachtwey’s Reflections on the Rwandan Genocide- LightBox PowerPoint Presentation of Images
Genocide in Rwanda: How do those who have lived side by side for years commit genocide?
- Samantha Power on Genocide
- Discuss Power’s article on US response in Rwanda
♦ “Bystanders to Genocide,” Atlantic Monthly with Reading Guide
Samantha Power, A Problem from Hell: America and the Age of Genocide
Day 27: What are the roots of this conflict?
- Background to the conflict
Introductory lecture on Colonial Preconditions & Regional causes of conflict
We Regret to Inform You That Tomorrow We Will Be Killed With Our Families, New York Times Books [Excerpt – Chapter 1]
Frontline: The Ghosts of Rwanda
Posted on YouTube: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zeCIZJ-yRaA
♦ “The Third Genocide,” Foreign Policy
♦ “Cry The Forsaken Country,” Time
- Courage in the face of violence
Hotel Rwanda with Viewing Guide & Discussion Questions/Prompts
Amnesty International Lesson Plan
Curriculum Project Comprehension and Discussion Activities for the Movie
Teach With Movies – Background, Discussion Questions, & Assessments
Day 31: What happened when Tutsi forces reentered Rwanda? How did the refugee crisis exacerbate the horror of this conflict?
- Evolution of Refugee Crisis in Democratic Republic of the Congo
♦ “Abort Mission,” New Republic
- Introduce Ishmael Beah’s memoir, A Long Way Gone
Ishmael Beah — Child Soldier: Beah discusses his memoir, A Long Way Gone
Beah on The Colbert Report
Day 32: How does a society come back from genocidal hatred? What does reconciliation and reconstruction look like?
- Interview with Philip Gourevitch, “The Triumph of Evil”
- Discuss Blame versus Reconciliation with “Moving” Discussion on Justice
♦ “The Case Against Rwanda’s President Paul Kagame,” Newsweek Global
♦ “Ghost Story,” New Republic
♦ “State of Denial,” New Republic
Philip Gourevitch @ 5×15
Philip Gourevitch Interview: Conversations with History; Institute of International Studies, UC Berkeley
Rwanda and Extreme Situations
Rwanda and the International Response
Day 33: How does a society come back from genocidal hatred? What does reconciliation and reconstruction look like?
- Rwanda and Reconstruction
♦ “The Life After,” New Yorker edited for length with Reading Guide
Bill Clinton’s TED Prize talk on his health care initiative in Rwanda http://www.ted.com/talks/bill_clinton_on_rebuilding_rwanda
♦ “The Wander,” New Yorker
Gourevitch on Reconstruction
Toiling to Bring Rwanda Genocide Suspects to Justice The New York Times http://www.nytimes.com/2014/01/11/world/africa/toiling-to-bring-rwanda-genocide-suspects-to-justice.html?_r=0
- Check-in on A Long Way Gone to pg.68
Violence in Sierra Leone: How do countries dissolve into such political and violent chaos that children become the instruments of war?
- Read & Discuss evolution of the conflict
♦ “The Heart of Darkness,” Time
- Research on chonology of events in Sierra Leone
Information Literacy exercise tied to themes in novel
♦ “Teenage Wasteland,” New Republic
Day 35: How extreme did the violence become?
- Reading Quiz on 1st ½ of A Long Way Gone
Day 36: What are the roots of this conflict?
- Political Instability: Discussion based on Information Literacy exercise
♦ “Fighting For Peace,” UN Chronicle
Day 37: How did the US respond to the crisis in Sierra Leone & the involvement of Liberia?
- Write précis in class
♦ “Where Angels Fear To Tread,” New Republic w/Précis self evaluation
Day 38: How extreme did the violence become?
- Reading Quiz on 2nd ½ of A Long Way Gone
Day 39: How extreme did the violence become?
Discussion on 2nd ½ of A Long Way Gone
Day 40: Is Africa a microcosm of growing global instability? How do we characterize the world in which we live in order to understand and appreciate its complexity?
- Involvement of Liberia in regional instability
♦ “A Region in Flames,” The Economist w/Précis teacher evaluation
- Two Ends of the Spectrum of World View: Kaplan & Friedman w/Response Questions
♦ “The Coming Anarchy” (excerpts), Atlantic Monthly & the updated Kaplan piece
♦ “Why So Much Anarchy?,” Stratfor Global Intelligence
♦ “Don’t Just Do Something. Sit There,” The New York Times
Intervention: How and when is it appropriate to intervene in the affairs of sovereign nations?
Day 41: How should the global community respond to regional crises? How should the legitimacy of intervention be determined?
- Values Exercise: Values to consider when making foreign policy decision
Considering the Role of Values in Public Policy
- What are the strategic considerations regarding potential intervention in crises
“The Intervention Calculation,” Great Decisions
Day 42: How should the global community respond to regional crises? How should the legitimacy of intervention be determined? w/Discussion Guide
- Discuss: Imperatives as evidenced in previous administrations and the Obama Doctrine
♦ “Somalia and the Future of Humanitarian Intervention,” Foreign Affairs
♦ “Into Africa,” New Republic
♦ “When The U.N. Fails, We All Do,” Newsweek
- Discuss: Efficacy of War
♦ “Give War A Chance,” Foreign Affairs
♦ “Other People’s Wars,” The Economist
TED Talk – Thomas Barnett: Let’s rethink America’s military strategy
Day 43: How has the end of the Cold War affected US foreign policy?
- Set up Role Play & Review positions
Day 44: How and when should the world community engage in interventionist campaigns?
- CHOICES ROLE PLAY DISCUSSION using a modification of role play discussions in Human Rights, The Role of the UN, & US Policy in a Changing World
Day 45: How and when should the world community engage in interventionist campaigns?
- Debrief Role Play Discussion
- Conclude Intervention Discussion